Amphibious Shear Wave Structure Beneath the Alaska-Aleutian Subduction Zone From Ambient Noise Tomography

TitleAmphibious Shear Wave Structure Beneath the Alaska-Aleutian Subduction Zone From Ambient Noise Tomography
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsFeng, L
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

I present a 3-D isotropic shear wave velocity model of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone offshore of the Alaska Peninsula, based on seismic data recorded by the Alaska Amphibious Community Seismic Experiment (AACSE) array and some other networks. The model derives from Rayleigh wave phase speed measurements extracted from ambient seismic noise. A new three-station interferometry (Zhang et al., 2020) approach is applied to improve the data coverage of ambient noise surface waves. Based on the ambient noise Rayleigh wave dispersion data, a Bayesian Monte Carlo inversion is performed to produce the shear wave velocity model. There are several prominent structures captured by the model, including: (1) The major sedimentary basins across the study region are identified by model. (2) Crustal thickness estimates are related with the geological structures. (3) The imaged slab edge is consistent with both the Slab 2.0 model (Hayes et al., 2018) and earthquake locations. And lots of geological and tectonic features related to subduction zone are captured, including the serpentinized forearc and partial melting zone beneath the Aleutian arc volcanoes. (4) Near the Shumagin gap, reduction in Vs is observed at the uppermost part of the incoming Pacific plate, consistent with the active source study of Shillington et al. (2015). The Vs reduction reflects hydration of the oceanic plate which could be related to local seismicity variation.


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