Enhanced Regional Earthquake Catalog with Alaska Amphibious Community Seismic Experiment Data

TitleEnhanced Regional Earthquake Catalog with Alaska Amphibious Community Seismic Experiment Data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsRuppert, NA, Barcheck, G, Abers, GA
JournalSeismological Research Letters

The Alaska Amphibious Community Seismic Experiment (AACSE) comprised 75 ocean‐bottom seismometers and 30 land stations and covered about 650 km along the segment of the subduction zone that includes Kodiak Island, the Alaska Peninsula and the Shumagin Islands between May 2018 and September 2019. This unprecedented onshore‐offshore dataset provided an opportunity to compile a greatly enhanced earthquake catalog for the region by both increasing the number of detected earthquakes and improving the accuracy of their source parameters. We use all available regional and AACSE campaign seismic data to compile an earthquake catalog for the region between Kodiak and the Shumagin Islands including the Alaska Peninsula (51° N–59° N, 148° W–163° W). We apply the same processing and reporting standards to additional picks and events as the Alaska Earthquake Center currently uses for compilation of the authoritative regional earthquake catalog. Over 7200 events (both newly detected and previously reported) have been processed with AACSE data. We added about 30% more events, 60% more phase picks, lowered the magnitude of completeness by about 0.2 on average across the region, and improved location errors. All data have been published in public data archives. In addition, we test the machine‐learning earthquake detection and picking algorithm EarthquakeTransformer (EQT) on the AACSE seismic dataset, comparing EQT‐determined P and S picks with the new catalog. EQT is entirely trained on land data, whereas AACSE is amphibious. Overall, EQT finds 59% of P and 63% of S arrivals in the catalog within 300 km epicentral distance. The percent of catalog picks detected by EQT varies inversely with earthquake epicentral distance, and EQT performs particularly poorly on data from earthquakes recorded by instruments in the outer rise.


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